Elderly people need more care than most, other than those with conditions and diseases that demand constant attention. The level of care is very individual – some needing a little assistance with day-to-day living, others needing a permanent solution. Though there are great levels of healthcare available, the word “care” is an umbrella term. If you or a relative is getting older and finding they can’t keep up with their lifestyle, it’s good to know the types of care available.
These are establishments designed to provide a home for people who do not need 24-hour nursing care but are unable to live independently as they are unable to care for and look after themselves. Residential homes vary in size from small to huge, up to 250 residents. Although people can stay short term, mostly they house permanent residents.
These are like a residential home except residents need more care on a regular basis. The staff will have more medical qualifications and training than in a purely residential home, and generally, nursing staff are available 24 hours a day. Again, residency can be short term or permanent.
With live-in care, the patient stays in their own home and a carer moves in with them. The carer is available 24/7 and provides assistance with day-to-day tasks, enabling the elderly person to remain in their own home – usually the greatest attraction of this type of care.
Also known as domiciliary care, like live-in care, the elderly person is able to stay in their own home. The care however is provided on a scheduled basis according to the agreement reached with the carer. The carer will usually work for an agency and will be qualified to the level required by the patient. For example, if your relative lives in Dorset on the south coast of the UK, it is important to choose a registered and recognized service provider such as care agency Bournemouth to ensure the right level of care is provided.
Hospices provide a specific type of care and that is end of life care. It can be from the point at which a terminal illness is diagnosed or when a patient is discharged from the hospital to receive palliative care.
Respite care can be planned or provided in an emergency. It is a short term break, usually of one or two weeks. Unlike other forms of care mentioned, the “patient” in this case is actually a caregiver. It gives a caregiver a break from the pressures of caring while the person they provide care for is looked after by someone else.
Complex care is provided to people who have on-going and substantial healthcare needs. This may be because of a disability, a chronic illness, or a requirement after hospital treatment. Complex medical care may require a nursing home, but it is also possible to receive the correct care at home.
Choosing the right kind of care is essential but most people are guided by healthcare professionals as the best options for each individual.